Part 1: Limits of Energy Savings in Seawater RO
By Wayne Bates, Craig R. Bartels, Ph.D., and Rich Franks
Pilot Study Report on Using UF Membranes as a Pretreatment to an SWRO System
By Charan Rajan and V.J. Nathan
Membrane Pretreatment To Enhance High Brackish Water Desal System Performance
By Ivy Chua, and Richard Woodling, PhD.
Possible Energy and Chemical Savings through Upgrading RO Elements
By Andy W.C. Chow, Chih-Neng Chang, Joseph S.M. Wang, Chun-ju Chen, and Ronald Wen-Jung Chang
Treatment of Wastewater for Reuse in a Cooling Tower
By Katariina Majamaa, Steve Gluck, Ph.D., Javier Suarez, and Nanette Hermsen
Treatment of Brackish Desalination Plant Concentrate and Seawater
By Nikolay Voutchkov
Challenges of Recycling Power Plant Cooling Tower Blowdown
By Joseph Lander and Michael T. Chan, P.E.