How Do Particle Concentration and Face Velocity Impact the Removal of Sub-100-nm Particles from High-Purity Water?

By Grant, Beuscher & van Schooneveld

Particles Monitoring Measurements

Download Full Article


The critical feature size of state-of-the-art semiconductor devices line widths is < 20 nanometers (nm) and it is expected to decrease to < 10 nm by 2017 (1). Particles approximately half this feature size in the ultrapure water (UPW*) used during device manufacturing can reduce manufacturing yield and finished device reliability. Concentrations of these small particles in present day UPW systems are believed to be < 1E6/milliliters (mL) for particles >20 nm.

Microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) devices with particle removal ratings below 50 nm are commonly used to reduce particle concentrations in process water used during device manufacturing. The particle retention capability of these devices is frequently measured with challenge concentrations that are significantly higher (orders of magnitude higher) than those in UPW. Also, testing is often performed using filter face velocities that are very different from those used in UPW systems.

This article shows a number of examples which indicate that:


Log in or Subscribe to Access the Full Article

To read or download full-length articles you need a subscription to Ultrapure. Please log in or subscribe below.